Congenital Heart Disease in Children

Congenital Heart Disease means a defect in the structure or function of the heart or great vessels. It may present from birth or may appear in childhood. Severe respiratory distress and cyanosis soon after birth which requires high flow oxygen may indicate heart defect. Sometimes prenatal diagnosis by ultrasound is Continue Reading…..

Neonatal Breast Enlargement and Neonatal Mastitis Home Treatment

Neonatal breast enlargement is sometimes common. Because At the ends of pregnancy there is a fall of estrogen level. It triggers the neonatal pituitary gland to secrete prolactin. It can happen up to 70% of cases. But that’s not the problem. It regresses usually within a few days. But the problems occur as Continue Reading…..

Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborn and Surfactant Therapy

What is Surfactant? The alveoli contain many types of cells. Among them Type 2 Pneumocytes produces surfactant. The main function of surfactant is to reduce surface tension, so that decrease the work of breathing. Surfactant forms a thin monomolecular layer at the air fluid interface. Surfactant layer is not static. Continue Reading…..