Congenital Heart Disease means a defect in the structure or function of the heart or great vessels. It may present from birth or may appear in childhood. Severe respiratory distress and cyanosis soon after birth which requires high flow oxygen may indicate heart defect. Sometimes prenatal diagnosis by ultrasound is possible. Surgical intervention is required in severe cases. If there are no other fetal distress, pregnancy should continue till term. It will give proper time for the growth of organs. Continue Reading…..
Neonatal breast enlargement is sometimes common. Because At the ends of pregnancy there is a fall of estrogen level. It triggers the neonatal pituitary gland to secrete prolactin. It can happen up to 70% of cases. But that’s not the problem. It regresses usually within a few days. But the problems occur as the illiterate people try to squeeze the breast. They think milk will come out. And they invite infections. That’s when mastitis occurs. Neonatal mastitis is uncommon in educated well-developed countries. It Continue Reading…..
What is Surfactant? The alveoli contain many types of cells. Among them Type 2 Pneumocytes produces surfactant. The main function of surfactant is to reduce surface tension, so that decrease the work of breathing. Surfactant forms a thin monomolecular layer at the air fluid interface. Surfactant layer is not static. It is continuously secreting and reabsorbing. Deficiency of surfactant causes Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Newborn. It is also called hyaline membrane disease. How Surfactant Forms and Reabsorbed? Type 2 Pneumocytes Continue Reading…..
Neonates needs special care if they are ill. When neonates are being admitted in Hospital first the history is taken and written in a form. As I am an Intern Doctor of Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, I have received many neonatal cases. Certain points must be noted in the Admission form. Fort example, If the blood group of the baby or mother is negative, it should be highlighted. Usually Rh Negative Mother gives Birth to Rh +ve Baby. This baby Continue Reading…..