Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborn and Surfactant Therapy

What is Surfactant? The alveoli contain many types of cells. Among them Type 2 Pneumocytes produces surfactant. The main function of surfactant is to reduce surface tension, so that decrease the work of breathing. Surfactant forms a thin monomolecular layer at the air fluid interface. Surfactant layer is not static. It is continuously secreting and reabsorbing. Deficiency of surfactant causes┬áRespiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Newborn. It is also called hyaline membrane disease. How Surfactant Forms and Reabsorbed? Type 2 Pneumocytes Continue Reading…..