Causes of Common Nasal Symptoms

Nasal Symptoms are common in all ages. There are many diseases which require urgent medical and surgical attention. As well some require routine surgical intervention. Here are a list of some common nasal symptoms and their causes. As for example nasal obstructions, nasal foul-smelling, crusting conditions or smelling problems. These causes are frequently asked in the medical viva examinations. SO important for the medical students too. A nasal polyp is quite common. I will discuss it later. It is basically Continue Reading…..

Chronic Nasal Granulomatous Disease Rhinosporodiosis

What is Granuloma? Granuloma is a specific type of chronic inflammation characterized by the local accumulation of macrophages, epithelial cells and multinucleated giant cells surrounding with a zone of lymphocytes. What are the common granulomatous conditions? A. Specific Rhinosporodiosis, Aspergillosis Tuberculosis Syphilis Leprosy Leishmaniasis Rhinoscleroma B. Non specific Sarcoidosis Wegner’s granuloma C. Lethal midline granuloma D. Stewart’s granuloma What is Rhinosporodiosis? Rhinosporodiosis is a chronic granulomatous fungal infection of the nasal mucosa presenting as vascular soft polypoid mass caused by Continue Reading…..

Ear Infection Acute Suppurative Otitis Media in Children

Acute Suppurative Otitis Media is most common in children of age between 3 to 7 years. Also can occur at any age. Direct bacterial or secondary to viral upper respiratory tract infections is the most common aetiological factors. It has some predisposing and risk factors which are described below. Otitis media is very common in children with the average toddler having two to three episodes a year. The common cold is usually followed by otitis media. An ear infection is Continue Reading…..

Basic Human Ear Anatomy and Physiology Outer Middle and Inner ear

Human Ear Anatomy and Physiology is our today’s topics. Human Ear is one of the essential part of our Head. The ears are paired sensory organ comprising the Auditory system involved in the detection of sound and Vestibular system involved with the maintaining of body balance. Human Ear Anatomy and Physiology is the topic that I am going to discuss in this Post. The ear is divided anatomically and clinically into 3 parts- The External ear, Internal ear and Middle ear. Continue Reading…..

Chronic Tonsillitis And Tonsillectomy

Chronic Tonsillitis: It is the Chronic inflammation of tonsils. In my previous post, I have shown you the Anatomy and Physiology of tonsils. If you have not seen that yet, I am requesting you to visit Tonsils In children Causes, Features, Diagnosis, Treatment of Tonsillitis here. I discussed here the basic things about tonsils. In that post, I wrote about Acute Tonsillitis. Today in this post I am going to discuss Chronic tonsillitis, its sign-symptoms, diagnosis, investigations and treatment. the Continue Reading…..

Anatomy Physiology of Nose, Nasal and Paranasal Sinus

Human Nose is divided into 3 parts, the External nose, the Vestibule and the Nasal cavity. Today I am going to discuss about the basic science of Nose, Nasal Sinus, Paranasal Sinuses etc. The basic Anatomy of Nose is described in details. Physiology of Nose, Nasal and Paranasal Sinus consists of Blood supply, nerve supply etc. Blood supply is quite important. It will be needed in upcoming post. So I have decided to discuss it first. External Nose: It is Continue Reading…..

Tonsils In children Causes, Features, Diagnosis, Treatment of Tonsillitis

What is Tonsils? Tonsils are paired lymphatic organs present on the lateral wall of Oropharynx between the Anterior pillar or Palatoglossal arch and Posterior pillar or palatopharyngeal arch. When it is infected, it is called tonsillitis. It is an acute or chronic inflammation of tonsils. The reason behind acute tonsillitis is a virus or bacteria. It may be subacute which is mainly caused by actinomycoses. Chronic tonsillitis is caused by Bacteria. Acute Tonsillitis is a generalized inflammation of the mass Continue Reading…..