Neonatal Ascites Case Report and Discussion

Neonatal ascites is a rare entity. It means the accumulation of fluid in the intraperitoneal cavity. Normally it should not happen. There are many reasons for neonatal ascites. Obstructive uropathy is the most common cause. We had found a case of neonatal ascites in our NICU. Here is the case report and discussion. Case Summary The baby of A 3130gm birth weight male preterm admitted just after birth due to severe abdominal distension and respiratory distress. The baby was born Continue Reading…..

Neonatal Resuscitation: How To Resuscitate Newborn Sick Baby

Neonatal resuscitation is the sum of steps for the asphyxiated baby just after birth. Newborn resuscitation helps to establish breathing and circulation. It is very essential to prevent hypoxic damage to various organs especially the brain. Neonatal Resuscitation Program is a set of educational guidelines established by the Department of Neonatology. Every pediatrician must be accommodated with the basic steps of resuscitation. Also, Medical Officers who deal with the baby after birth has to know the management plans. Why Newborn Continue Reading…..

Neonatal Breast Enlargement and Neonatal Mastitis Home Treatment

Neonatal breast enlargement is sometimes common. Because At the ends of pregnancy there is a fall of estrogen level. It triggers the neonatal pituitary gland to secrete prolactin. It can happen up to 70% of cases. But that’s not the problem. It regresses usually within a few days. But the problems occur as the illiterate people try to squeeze the breast. They think milk will come out. And they invite infections. That’s when mastitis occurs. Neonatal mastitis is uncommon in educated well-developed countries. It Continue Reading…..

Download Neonatology Guideline by BSMMU Bangladesh

Neonatology deals with the new born babies of age less than 1-month-old. It’s a branch of Pediatrics. Neonatology is a highly paid profession. And it requires extreme dedication and hard work. Sometimes your hand will save the life of a baby. And not only that it will bring a smile to babies parents. Who can pay for that smile! My life target was to be a Neonatologist. I have not lost hope yet. If God permits one day, I may become. Continue Reading…..

Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborn and Surfactant Therapy

What is Surfactant? The alveoli contain many types of cells. Among them Type 2 Pneumocytes produces surfactant. The main function of surfactant is to reduce surface tension, so that decrease the work of breathing. Surfactant forms a thin monomolecular layer at the air fluid interface. Surfactant layer is not static. It is continuously secreting and reabsorbing. Deficiency of surfactant causes Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Newborn. It is also called hyaline membrane disease. How Surfactant Forms and Reabsorbed? Type 2 Pneumocytes Continue Reading…..

How To Take History Of a Neonate in Hospital Admission

Neonates needs special care if they are ill. When neonates are being admitted in Hospital first the history is taken and written in a form. As I am an Intern Doctor of Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, I have received many neonatal cases. Certain points must be noted in the Admission form. Fort example, If the blood group of the baby or mother is negative, it should be highlighted. Usually Rh Negative Mother gives Birth to Rh +ve Baby. This baby Continue Reading…..

After Delivery Care of Rh Negative Mother giving Birth to Rh +ve Baby

Rh Negative Mother is at risk if the father is Rh Positive. Usually Rh Negative Mother gives Birth to Rh +ve Baby. An Rh Negative Mother should be aware of her pregnancy and the blood group of her husband. what is rh factor positive If you are Rh-Positive, your red blood cells do have a marker called Rh factor on them. Rh-negative blood does not have this marker. So when these two separate types of blood mixes there will be immune reaction. The Continue Reading…..