WHO List of Essential Medicines & Drugs For Children [Updated 2019]

Update: Essential Medicine List for Children has published the lastest 7th Edition, June 2019.

World Health Organisation in short popularly known as WHO has been publishing the Essential Medicines List for both Children and Adult. It has been updated every 2 yearly. The first list of Essential Medicines list was published in 1977 only for adult. As science has developed much more than the previous, the pediatric department has been separated. First edition for CHILDREN was published in October 2007. And in two yearly fashion, it has been updated for the third time in 2011. Every time there may be some drug added or some drug excluded. For example, Antiparkinsonism drugs were included in the previous edition but deleted from this third edition. This list will surely help the Pediatrician to choose a better and safe drug. And for the general people to know more about the prescribed drug and to fulfil their curiosity.

WHO List of Essential Medicines & Drugs For Children

WHO List of Essential Medicines & Drugs For Children

The WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children is a list, proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO), of the most effective and safe medicines for use in children up to 12 years of age.

WHO Model List of Essential Medicines for Children

This Model List is intended for use for children up to 12 years of age. These are safest drug to meet the basic health care needs for the children. Essential Medicine List for Children has published the lastest 7th Edition, June 2019. The PDF file is available to download.

PDF size: 687 Kb only.

Download WHO Essential Drugs for Children [Google Drive]

Alternate Link for Download: WHO

1. Anesthetics

Inhalational medicines

  1. halothane
  2. isoflurane
  3. nitrous oxide
  4. oxygen

Injectable medicines

  1. ketamine
  2. propofol

Local anaesthetics

  1. bupivacaine
  2. †lidocaine
  3. lidocaine + epinephrine (adrenaline)

Preoperative medication

  1. Atropine
  2. Midazolam
  3. Morphine

2. Analgesics, Antipyretic, NSAID, DMARDs

Non-opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIMs)

  1. Ibuprofen
  2. Paracetamol
  3. Acetylsalicylic acid

Opioid analgesics

  1. Morphine

Disease modifying agents used in rheumatoid disorders (DMARDs)

  1. Hydroxychloroquine
  2. Methotrexate

3. Antiallergies

  1. Chlorphenamine
  2. Dexamethasone
  3. Hydrocortisone
  4. Prednisolone
  5. Epinephrine

4. Antidote for Poisoning

  1. Charcoal- Nonspecific
  2. Acetylcysteine
  3. Atropine
  4. Calcium gluconate
  5. Naloxone
  6. Deferoxamine
  7. Dimercaprol
  8. Sodium calcium edetate
  9. Succimer

5. Anticonvulsants and Antiepileptics

  1. Carbamazepine
  2. Lorazapam
  3. Diazepam
  4. Phenobarbital
  5. Phenytoin
  6. Sodium valproate
  7. Ethosuximide

6. Anti-Infectives medicines

Intestinal Anthelminthics

  1. Albendazole
  2. Levamisole
  3. Mebendazole
  4. Niclosamide
  5. Praziquantel
  6. Pyrantel

Antifilarials

  1. Albendazole
  2. Diethylcarbamazine
  3. Ivermectin

Antischistosomals and other antitrematode medicines

  1. Praziquantel
  2. Triclabendazole
  3. Oxamniquine

Antibacterials

Beta Lactam medicines

  1. Amoxicillin
  2. Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid
  3. Ampicillin
  4. Benzathine benzylpenicillin
  5. Benzylpenicillin
  6. Cefalexin
  7. Cefazolin
  8. Ceftriaxone
  9. Cloxacillin
  10. Phenoxymethylpenicillin
  11. Procaine benzylpenicillin
  12. Cefotaxime
  13. Ceftazidim
  14. Imipenem + cilastatin

Other antibacterials

  1. Azithromycin
  2. Chloramphenicol
  3. Ciprofloxacin
  4. Doxycycline
  5. Erythromycin
  6. Gentamicin
  7. Metronidazole
  8. Nitrofurantoin
  9. Sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim
  10. Trimethoprim
  11. Clindamycin
  12. Vancomycin

Antileprosy medicines

  1. Clofazimine
  2. Dapsone
  3. Rifampicin

Antituberculosis medicines

  1. Ethambutol
  2. Isoniazid
  3. Pyrazinamide
  4. Rifampicin
  5. Streptomycin

Antifungal medicines

  1. Fluconazole
  2. Griseofulvin
  3. Nystatin
  4. Amphotericin B
  5. Flucytosine
  6. Potassium iodide

Antiviral medicines

Antiherpes medicines

  1. Aciclovir

Antiretrovirals

  1. Abacavir (ABC)
  2. Didanosine (ddI)
  3. Emtricitabine (FTC)
  4. lamivudine (3TC)
  5. Stavudine (d4T)
  6. Zidovudine (ZDV or AZT)
  7. Efavirenz (EFV or EFZ)
  8. Nevirapine (NVP)
  9. Atazanavir a
  10. Lopinavir + Ritonavir (LPV/r)
  11. Ritonavir
  12. saquinavir (SQV)

Other antivirals

  1. Oseltamivir
  2. Ribavirin

Antiprotozoal medicines

  1. Diloxanide
  2. Metronidazole
  3. Amphotericin B
  4. Miltefosine
  5. Paromomycin
  6. sodium stibogluconate

Antimalarial medicines

  1. Artemether
  2. Artemether + lumefantrine
  3. Chloroquine
  4. Doxycycline
  5. Mefloquine
  6. Primaquine
  7. Quinine
  8. Sulfadoxine + pyrimethamine
  9. Proguanil

Antipneumocystosis and antitoxoplasmosis medicines

  1. Pyrimethamine
  2. Sulfadiazine
  3. Sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim

Antitrypanosomal medicines ( American trypanosomiasis )

  1. Benznidazole
  2. Nifurtimox

7. Antimigraine Drugs

  1. Ibuprofen
  2. Paracetamol

Immunosuppressive medicines

  1. Azathioprine
  2. Ciclosporine

8. Anti Neoplastic, Immunosuppressive

ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKAEMIA

STEP 1 

  1. Asparaginase
  2. Dexamethasone
  3. Mercaptopurine
  4. Methotrexate
  5. Methylprednisolone
  6. Prednisolone
  7. Vincristine

STEP 2   

  1. Cyclophosphamide
  2. Cytarabine
  3. Daunorubicin
  4. Doxorubicin
  5. Hydrocortisone
  6. Methotrexate
  7. Thioguanine

WILMSʹ TUMOUR (NEPHROBLASTOMA)

STEP 1 & STEP 2 

  1. dactinomycin
  2. daunorubicin
  3. vincristine

BURKITTʹS LYMPHOMA

STEP 1 & STEP 2

  1. Cyclophosphamide
  2. Cytarabine
  3. Doxorubicin
  4. Prednisolone
  5. Vincristine

ADJUVANT MEDICINES

  1. Allopurinol
  2. Mesna

Medicines used in palliative care

  1. Amitriptyline
  2. Cyclizine
  3. Dexamethasone
  4. Diazepam
  5. Docusate sodium
  6. Fluoxetine
  7. Midazolam

9. Medicines for Blood

For anaemia

  1. Fessous salt
  2. Folic acid
  3. Hydroxycobalamin

Medicines affecting coagulation

  1. Phytomenadione
  2. Heparin sodium
  3. Protamine sulfate
  4. Warfarin

10. Blood products

  1. Factor VIII concentrate
  2. Factor IX complex (coagulation factors, II, VII, IX, X) concentrate
  3. Human normal immunoglobulin

11. Cardiovascular Medicines

Antihypertensive medicines

  1. Enalapril
  2. Digoxin
  3. Furosemide
  4. Dopamine

12. Topical Dermatological Medicines

  1. Miconazole
  2. Terbinafine
  3. Mupirocin
  4. Potassium permanganate
  5. Silver sulfadiazine
  6. Hydrocortisone
  7. Betamethasone
  8. Benzyl per oxide
  9. Permethrin

13. Disinfectants and Antiseptics

  1. Chlorhexidine
  2. Ethanol
  3. Polyvidone iodine
  4. Chlorine base compound
  5. Chloroxylenol

14. Diuretics

  1. Furosemide
  2. Hydrochlorothiazide
  3. Spironolactone

15. Gastrointestinal Medicines

  1. Omeprazole
  2. Ranitidine
  3. Metoclopramide
  4. Ondansetron
  5. Oral rehydration salts

16. Hormones and other Endocrine Medicine

  1. Glucagon
  2. Insulin injection
  3. Intermediate‐acting insulin
  4. Metformin
  5. levothyroxine
  6. Potassium iodide

17. Immuglobulins

  1. Antitetanus immunoglobulin (human)
  2. Antivenom immunoglobulin
  3. Diphtheria antitoxin
  4. Rabies immunoglobulin
  5. Vaccines

18. Muscle relaxants

  1. Neostigmine
  2. Suxamethonium
  3. Vecuronium
  4. Pyridostigmine

 19. Ophthalmology Medicines

  1. Atropine
  2. Gentamicine
  3. Tetracycline

20. Psychiatric Medicines

  1. Chlorpromazine
  2. Haloperidol

21. Drugs acting on Respiratory Tract

  1. Budesonide
  2. Salbutamol

22. Vitamins And Minerals

Okay Thats all for now. Download The Full List of Essential Medicines. Explore the medicine World. And always be careful about how to use the medicine. All drug keep in a safe place.

Download IYCF Clinical Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding

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